Accession Number : ADA590420
Title : Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Katzman, Kenneth
Report Date : 22 Nov 2013
Pagination or Media Count : 63
Abstract : The capacity, transparency, and legitimacy of Afghan governance are considered crucial to Afghan stability after U.S.-led NATO forces turn over the security mission to Afghan leadership by the end of 2014. The size and capability of the Afghan governing structure has increased significantly since the Taliban regime fell in late 2001, but the government remains weak and rampant with corruption. Even as the government has struggled to widen its writ, President Hamid Karzai has concentrated substantial presidential authority through his powers of appointment at all levels. But, he is constitutionally term-limited; presidential and provincial elections are scheduled for April 5, 2014, and Afghanistan is beginning to transition from the Karzai era. Several major figures some close to Karzai and others opposed have registered to run for president; many of their slates include faction leaders long accused of human rights abuses. Some candidates are concerned that Karzai will use state machinery to favor a particular candidate. Fraud in two successive elections (for president in 2009 and parliament in 2010) was extensively documented, but Afghan officials, scrutinized by opposition ties, civil society organizations, and key donor countries, have taken some steps to limit the potential for fraud in the April 2014 elections. Fears about the election process are fanned by the scant progress in reducing widespread nepotism and other forms of corruption.
Descriptors : *ELECTIONS , *INTERNATIONAL POLITICS , *POLITICAL SCIENCE , AFGHANISTAN , LEADERSHIP , NATO FORCES , POLICIES , PRESIDENT(UNITED STATES) , SCHEDULING , SYMPOSIA
Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE