Accession Number : ADA589533
Title : Kazakhstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Nichol, Jim
Report Date : 22 Jul 2013
Pagination or Media Count : 29
Abstract : Kazakhstan is an important power in Central Asia by virtue of its geographic location, large territory, ample natural resources, and economic growth, but it faces ethnic, political, and other challenges to stability. Kazakhstan gained independence at the end of 1991 after the break-up of the former Soviet Union. Kazakhstan s president at the time, Nursultan Nazarbayev, was one of the top leaders of the former Soviet Union and was instrumental in forming the successor Commonwealth of Independent States. He has been reelected president of Kazakhstan several times and in June 2010 was proclaimed the Leader of the Nation with lifetime ruling responsibilities and privileges. Kazakhstan s economy is the strongest in Central Asia, buoyed by oil exports. Its progress in democratization and respect for human rights has been halting, according to most observers. Nonetheless, Kazakhstan s pledges to reform convinced the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to select the country s leadership for its 2010 presidency. According to the Obama Administration, the United States strategic aim in Kazakhstan is to help the country develop into a stable, secure, and democratic country that embraces free market competition and rule of law, and is a respected regional leader. Cumulative U.S. aid budgeted for Kazakhstan in fiscal years 1992 through 2010 was $2.05 billion (all program and agency funds), with Kazakhstan ranking fifth in aid among the 12 Soviet successor states. A large part of U.S. aid has supported Comprehensive Threat Reduction (CTR) programs to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Budgeted aid for FY2011 was $17.6 million and was $19.3 million for FY2012.
Descriptors : *ECONOMICS , *FOREIGN POLICY , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *HUMAN RIGHTS , *KAZAKHSTAN , ARMS CONTROL , COUNTERTERRORISM , DEMOCRACY , ELECTIONS , ENERGY , HISTORY , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , SECURITY , STABILITY , TERRORISM , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE