Accession Number : ADA586250


Title :   Insecticidal, Repellent and Fungicidal Properties of Novel Trifluoromethylphenyl Amides


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE GAINESVILLE FL CENTER FOR MEDICAL AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY


Personal Author(s) : Tsikolia, Maia ; Bernier, Ulrich R ; Coy, Monique R ; Chalaire, Katelyn C ; Becnel, James J ; Agramonte, Natasha M ; Tabanca, Nurhayat ; Wedge, David E ; Clark, Gary G ; Linthicum, Kenneth J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a586250.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 12


Abstract : Twenty trifluoromethylphenyl amides were synthesized and evaluated as fungicides and as mosquito toxicants and repellents. Against Aedes aegypti larvae, N-(2,6-dichloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3,5- dinitrobenzamide (1e) was the most toxic compound (24 h LC50 1940 nM), while against adults N-(2,6- dichloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (1c) was most active (24 h LD50 19.182 nM, 0.5 lL/insect). However, the 24 h LC50 and LD50 values of fipronil against Ae. aegypti larvae and adults were significantly lower: 13.55 nM and 0.787 10 4 nM, respectively. Compound 1c was also active against Drosophila melanogaster adults with 24 h LC50 values of 5.6 and 4.9 lg/cm2 for the Oregon- R and 1675 strains, respectively. Fipronil had LC50 values of 0.004 and 0.017 lg/cm2 against the two strains of D. melanogaster, respectively. In repellency bioassays against female Ae. aegypti, 2,2,2-trifluoro- N-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide (4c) had the highest repellent potency with a minimum effective dosage (MED) of 0.039 lmol/cm2 compared to DEET (MED of 0.091 lmol/cm2). Compound N- (2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)hexanamide (4a) had an MED of 0.091 lmol/cm2 which was comparable to DEET. Compound 4c was the most potent fungicide against Phomopsis obscurans. Several trends were discerned between the structural configuration of these molecules and the effect of structural changes on toxicity and repellency. Para- or meta- trifluoromethylphenyl amides with an aromatic ring attached to the carbonyl carbon showed higher toxicity against Ae. aegypti larvae, than ortho- trifluoromethylphenyl amides. Ortho- trifluoromethylphenyl amides with trifluoromethyl or alkyl group attached to the carbonyl carbon produced higher repellent activity against female Ae. aegypti and Anopheles albimanus than meta- or para- trifluoromethylphenyl amides.


Descriptors :   *AEDES , *ANOPHELES , *FUNGICIDES , *LARVAE , *PESTICIDES , ACETAMIDES , ALKYL RADICALS , AROMATIC COMPOUNDS , CARBON , CARBONYL COMPOUNDS , DROSOPHILA , FEMALES , FLUORINATED HYDROCARBONS , INSECTS , METHYL RADICALS , REPELLENTS , STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES , SYNTHESIS , TOXICITY


Subject Categories : Biology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE