Accession Number : ADA585967


Title :   Predictions of Helmet Pad Suspension System Performance using Isolated Pad Impact Results


Descriptive Note : Conference paper


Corporate Author : PROJECT MANAGER SOLDIER PROTECTION AND INDIVIDUAL EQUIPMENT HAYMARKET VA


Personal Author(s) : Hopping, Jakob A ; Zheng, J ; Bosselman, S ; Masters, K ; Perritt, C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a585967.pdf


Report Date : 13 Sep 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 12


Abstract : The Advanced Combat Helmet (ACH) pad suspension system is the primary attenuator of low-rate blunt impacts to a Soldier s head. Quantification of pad suspension system improvements currently requires the costly and time consuming testing of an entire helmet. Two potential methodologies for independently testing pads were assessed using four existing pad designs. One of these methodologies used a flat anvil impact surface, and the other used a modular elastomer pad (MEP) impact surface. Independent pad testing was conducted at three environmental and four impact velocity conditions. These test results were compared to those from complete helmet tests under the same environmental conditions and three of the four impact velocity conditions. This comparison shows that ambient (295 oK) temperature, 3.0 m/s independent pad impacts on a MEP surface account for over 99% of the variation observed in ambient (295 oK) temperature, 3.0 m/s complete system impacts. Under the same conditions, the flat anvil impact surface results account for 92% of the variation seen in complete system impacts. Despite positive results under ambient conditions, independent pad impacts are not a useful predictor of pad suspension system performance under extreme high or low temperatures. For example, hot (327 oK) temperature, 3.0 m/s independent pad impacts on a MEP surface account for only 31% of the variation observed in hot (327 oK) temperature, 3.0 m/s complete system impacts. Under the same conditions, flat anvil impact results account for only 4.4% of the variation seen in system impacts. At extreme temperature conditions, interactions of the helmet or impact surface with the pad suspension system likely contribute significantly to the end result. Independent impacts become progressively less valuable as a predictor of helmet system results as the impact temperature condition becomes increasingly extreme, and future studies will assess alternative test setups that may eliminate t


Descriptors :   *HELMETS , *PADS(CUSHIONS) , IMPACT , IMPACT TESTS , TEST AND EVALUATION


Subject Categories : Protective Equipment


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE