Accession Number : ADA585135


Title :   Globalization of S&T: Key Challenges Facing DOD


Corporate Author : NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC CENTER FOR TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY


Personal Author(s) : Coffey, Timothy ; Ramberg, Steven


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a585135.pdf


Report Date : Feb 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 37


Abstract : In the second half of the 20th century, the United States enjoyed stature and prosperity at levels seldom achieved in recorded history. The country s status included predominance in most fields of science and technology (S&T), as well as a phenomenal breadth and pace of innovation. We are now experiencing a global shift to a more level playing field among nations; demographics, economics, and political forces are the driving forces behind this shift. The impact of this shift on U.S. S&T will be significant. By the middle of the 21st century, it is likely that a number of nations will be similarly prosperous and technologically productive. No single nation or group will dominate as the United States did in the latter half of the 1900s. The U.S. share of the global S&T enterprise will decrease, and only a small fraction of U.S. scientists and engineers (S&E) will work on national security problems. This change poses challenges to the roles and conduct of Department of Defense (DOD) S&T. In particular, DOD s ability to maintain an authoritative awareness of S&T developments around the world will become increasingly problematic. Most attempts to quantify these challenges utilize simple linear or exponential extrapolations. Although such approaches are helpful for short-term predictions, they tend to produce unrealistically pessimistic predictions for the timescales considered in this paper. The present work establishes an empirical relationship between an economy s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and its ability to generate S&T knowledge. This paper then employs the results of a full economic analysis for the period 2005 2050 to estimate the S&T knowledge production for each of the world s 17 largest economies. The estimate indicates that U.S. share of S&T productivity will decline from about 26 percent in 2005 to 18 percent in 2050.


Descriptors :   *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE , *GLOBALIZATION , *SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH , *TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT , DATA MINING , DOCUMENTS , ECONOMICS , HISTORY , INTERAGENCY COORDINATION , PATENTS , PLANNING , TECHNOLOGY FORECASTING


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Information Science
      Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE