Accession Number : ADA584307


Title :   Characterization of the of the Pathological and Biochemical Markers That Correlate to the Clinical Features of Autism. Subproject 2. Contribution of Significant Delay of Neuronal Development and Metabolic Shift of Neurons to Clinical Phenotype of Autism


Descriptive Note : Final addendum rept. 1 Aug 2012-21 Mar 2013


Corporate Author : RESEARCH FOUNDATION FOR MENTAL HYGIENE INC STATEN ISLAND NY


Personal Author(s) : Wegiel, Jerzy ; Brown, W T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a584307.pdf


Report Date : Apr 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 237


Abstract : The postmortem study of the historically largest cohort including 32 brains of individuals with idiopathic autism, 12 brains of individuals with autism associated with chromosome15 duplication and 28 brains of control subjects, and examination of 36 brain cytoarchitectonic subdivisions was the first attempt to define a global pattern of developmental changes in autism. The study revealed defects of neuronal migration, proliferation and dysplastic changes as a major contributor to seizures. Examination of 2 to 64 year old subjects revealed the first model of brain region-specific modifications of neuron growth trajectories during the lifespan demonstrating desynchronized development of interacting neurons. Neuron soma volume was significantly smaller in all examined regions in 4-8 year old children. Significant increase of neuron size in teenagers and adults to and in some regions above control level without equally significant clinical improvement suggests that delayed growth does not reproduce normal neuronal growth, connectivity and function. Limited alterations in volume of a few structures and number of neurons indicate that alterations of neuronal growth are a major contributor to the clinical autism phenotype.


Descriptors :   *BEHAVIOR , *BIOCHEMISTRY , *BRAIN , *MENTAL DISORDERS , AUTOPSY , CHILDREN , CLINICAL MEDICINE , METABOLISM , MIGRATION , NERVE CELLS , PATHOLOGY


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE