Accession Number : ADA584023


Title :   Implementation of U.S. Policy in the Arctic


Descriptive Note : Monograph


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES


Personal Author(s) : Jordan, Teri L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a584023.pdf


Report Date : 23 May 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 83


Abstract : A tremendous change in the Arctic climate is causing far-reaching impacts on every nation and on the Earth as a whole. The recent changes in the Arctic create numerous areas of interest for the United States, largely driven by national security and economic goals. Given the multiple U.S. interests in the Arctic, in January 2009, President George W. Bush published a national Arctic strategy: National Security Presidential Directive 66 - Homeland Security Presidential Directive 25 (NSPD 66/HSPD 25). Thereafter, numerous departments and agencies developed their supporting Arctic strategies and conducted studies, assessments, and research. However, the United States has failed to put forth the effort and funding necessary to implement its national strategy as laid out by NSPD 66/HSPD 25. An examination of the national policy, along with the various department and agency policies, exposes the intricacies and shallowness of the different assorted Arctic policies. Finally, a detailed assessment of actions taken by U.S. Government departments and agencies in the seven areas laid out in the U.S. Government policy, reveals poor overall implementation of policy, which if not corrected, will leave the United States militarily, politically, environmentally, and economically vulnerable in the Arctic.


Descriptors :   *ARCTIC REGIONS , *HOMELAND SECURITY , *NATIONAL SECURITY , *POLICIES , *UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , AGREEMENTS , BOUNDARIES , COAST GUARD , COOPERATION , ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION , ICEBREAKERS , INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , NATURAL RESOURCES , RESERVES(ENERGY) , SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH , SHIPPING


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Geography


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE