Accession Number : ADA583524


Title :   Maritime Trade Warfare Against a Modern Power


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLLEGE NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT


Personal Author(s) : Glab, Jason N


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a583524.pdf


Report Date : 20 May 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 26


Abstract : Maritime trade warfare has changed as a result of emerging technologies and growing globalization, but it still remains a fundamental strategy of sea powers. This paper examines the requirements and effectiveness of a potential blockade of China from an operational level. The thesis is that an oil embargo geographically focused on the Strait of Malacca and the Lombok and Makkasar Straits could be used to indirectly but effectively attack Chinese Centers of Gravity (COG) while still permitting third party maritime trade in the Pacific. The paper focuses on the considerations a Joint Task Force commander and staff planning such a blockade would face, versus the strategic consequences of such an action. The paper presumes that the strategic and political will exist to conduct a blockade, and that the strategic and economic sacrifices from losing exports from China are accepted. The paper also assumes that a need exists to permit significant maritime traffic to reach allies and neutrals in the Western Pacific, therefore, the commander must plan to accommodate this need. The paper evaluates the potential effectiveness of a blockade, examines legal constraints, and assesses the operational environment for a blockade. The paper considers counterarguments throughout and concludes with recommendations.


Descriptors :   *BLOCKING , *CENTER OF GRAVITY , *CHINA , *CRUDE OIL , *EMBARGO , *INTERNATIONAL TRADE , *NAVAL OPERATIONS , *NAVAL PLANNING , *SOUTH CHINA SEA , AREA DENIAL , COOPERATION , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , NAVY , OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS , POLITICAL ALLIANCES , SHIPPING , STRAITS , UNITED NATIONS , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE