Accession Number : ADA582595


Title :   PTSD and DNA Methylation in Select Immune Function Gene Promoter Regions: A Repeated Measures Case-control Study of U.S. Military Service Members


Descriptive Note : Journal articles


Corporate Author : UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD


Personal Author(s) : Rusiecki, Jennifer A ; Byrne, Celia ; Galdzicki, Zygmunt ; Srikantan, Vasantha ; Chen, Ligong ; Poulin, Matthew ; Yan, Liying ; Baccarelli, Andrea


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a582595.pdf


Report Date : 24 Jun 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 13


Abstract : Background: The underlying molecular mechanisms of PTSD are largely unknown. Distinctexpression signatures for PTSD have been found, in particular for immune activation transcripts. DNA methylation may be significant in the pathophysiology of PTSD, since the process is intrinsically linked to gene expression.We evaluated temporal changes in DNA methylation in select promoter regions of immune system-related genes in U.S. military service members with a PTSD diagnosis, pre- and post-diagnosis, and in controls. Methods: Cases (nD75) had a post-deployment diagnosis of PTSD in their medical record. Controls (nD75) were randomly selected service members with no PTSD diagnosis. DNA was extracted from pre- and post-deployment sera. DNA methylation (%5-mC) was quantified at specific CpG sites in promoter regions of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), long non-coding RNA transcript H19, interleukin-8 (IL8), IL16, and IL18 via pyrosequencing.We used multivariate analysis of variance and generalized linear models to calculate adjusted means (adjusted for age, gender, and race) to make temporal comparisons of %5-mC for cases (pre- to post-deployment) versus controls (pre- to post-deployment). Results: There were significant differences in the change of %5-mC pre- to postdeployment between cases and controls for H19 (cases: C0.57%, controls: 1.97%; p D0.04) and IL18 (cases: C1.39%, controls: 3.83%; p D0.01). For H19 the difference was driven by a significant reduction in %5-mC among controls; for IL18 the difference was driven by both a reduction in %5-mC among controls and an increase in %5-mC among cases. Stratified analyses revealed more pronounced differences in the adjusted means of pre-post H19 and IL18 methylation differences for cases versus controls among older service members, males, service members of white race, and those with shorter deployments (6 12 months).


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , *MILITARY PERSONNEL , *POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER , ACTIVATION , BACKGROUND , CASE STUDIES , DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACIDS , DEPLOYMENT , GENES , GROWTH(GENERAL) , IMMUNITY , METHYLATION , PATHOPHYSIOLOGY , REPRINTS


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE