Accession Number : ADA582425


Title :   Returning Home from Iraq and Afghanistan: Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Veterans, Service Members, and Their Families


Corporate Author : NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES WASHINGTON DC


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a582425.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 796


Abstract : As of December 2012, Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) in Iraq have resulted in the deployment of about 2.2 million troops; there have been 2,222 US fatalities in OEF and Operation New Dawn (OND)1 and 4,422 in OIF. The numbers of wounded US troops exceed 16,000 in Afghanistan and 32,000 in Iraq. In addition to deaths and morbidity, the operations have unforeseen consequences that are yet to be fully understood. In contrast with previous conflicts, the all-volunteer military has experienced numerous deployments of individual service members; has seen increased deployments of women, parents of young children, and reserve and National Guard troops; and in some cases has been subject to longer deployments and shorter times at home between deployments. Numerous reports in the popular press have made the public aware of issues that have pointed to the difficulty of military personnel in readjusting after returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Many of those who have served in OEF and OIF readjust with few difficulties, but others have problems in readjusting to home, reconnecting with family members, finding employment, and returning to school. In response to the return of large numbers of veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan with physical-health and mental-health problems and to the growing readjustment needs of activeduty service members, veterans, and their family members, Congress included Section 1661 of the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2008. That section required the secretary of defense, in consultation with the secretary of veterans affairs, to enter into an agreement with the National Academies for a study of the physical-health, mental-health, and other readjustment needs of members and former members of the armed forces who were deployed in OIF or OEF, their families, and their communities as a result of such deployment. The study was assigned to the Institute of Medicine (IOM).


Descriptors :   *FAMILY MEMBERS , *MENTAL HEALTH , *VETERANS(MILITARY PERSONNEL) , AFGHANISTAN , ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION , ALL VOLUNTEER , COMMUNITIES , DEPLOYMENT , DRUG ABUSE , EMPLOYMENT , HEALTH , IRAQ , MEDICINE , MILITARY PERSONNEL , MORBIDITY , NATIONAL DEFENSE , NATIONAL GUARD , SOCIOLOGY , STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY)


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE