Accession Number : ADA582122


Title :   Health Risk Assessments of Waste Combustion Emissions Using Surrogate Analyte Models


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT


Personal Author(s) : Schmidt, Michael A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a582122.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 76


Abstract : Exposure assessments of open burn pits are often complicated by a lack of sampling equipment and resources. This research investigated the hypothesis of carbon dioxide (CO2) as a viable surrogate for particulate matter with diameter ≤ 2.5 μm (PM2.5). Large-scale solid waste combustion tests resulted in linear trends between mean PM2.5 and CO2 (R2 = 0.964 - 0.989). This pilot study demonstrates the feasibility of using CO2 as a surrogate of PM2.5 concentration as CO2 sensors potentially provide a cost-effective solution for monitoring in lieu of expensive PM instruments. It also indicates the potential reduction in particulate matter when using batch-feeding practices with burn boxes (versus open burning).


Descriptors :   *AIR POLLUTION , *EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY) , *HEALTH , *SOLID WASTES , COMBUSTION , COMBUSTION PRODUCTS , COST EFFECTIVENESS , DIOXIDES , FEASIBILITY STUDIES , HYPOTHESES , INSTRUMENTATION , MODELS , MONITORING , PARTICULATES , PILOT STUDIES , RESOURCES , RISK , SAMPLERS , SOLUTIONS(GENERAL) , TEST AND EVALUATION , THESES , VIABILITY


Subject Categories : Solid Wastes Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE