Accession Number : ADA580041


Title :   Physiological and Biogeochemical Traits of Bleaching and Recovery in the Mounding Species of Coral Porites lobata: Implications for Resilience in Mounding Corals


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC CHEMISTRY DIV


Personal Author(s) : Levas, Stephen J ; Grottoli, Andrea G ; Hughes, Adam ; Osburn, Christopher L ; Matsui, Yohei


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a580041.pdf


Report Date : 02 May 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 16


Abstract : Mounding corals survive bleaching events in greater numbers than branching corals. However, no study to date has determined the underlying physiological and biogeochemical trait(s) that are responsible for mounding coral holobiont resilience to bleaching. Furthermore, the potential of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) as a source of fixed carbon to bleached corals has never been determined. Here, Porites lobata corals were experimentally bleached for 23 days and then allowed to recover for 0, 1, 5, and 11 months. At each recovery interval a suite of analyses were performed to assess their recovery (photosynthesis, respiration, chlorophyll a, energy reserves, tissue biomass, calcification, d13C of the skeletal, d13C, and d15N of the animal host and endosymbiont fractions). Furthermore, at 0 months of recovery, the assimilation of photosynthetically acquired and zooplankton-feeding acquired carbon into the animal host, endosymbiont, skeleton, and coral-mediated DOC were measured via 13C-pulse-chase labeling. During the first month of recovery, energy reserves and tissue biomass in bleached corals were maintained despite reductions in chlorophyll a, photosynthesis, and the assimilation of photosynthetically fixed carbon. At the same time, P. lobata corals catabolized carbon acquired from zooplankton and seemed to take up DOC as a source of fixed carbon. All variables that were negatively affected by bleaching recovered within 5 to 11 months. Thus, bleaching resilience in the mounding coral P. lobata is driven by its ability to actively catabolize zooplankton-acquired carbon and seemingly utilize DOC as a significant fixed carbon source, facilitating the maintenance of energy reserves and tissue biomass. With the frequency and intensity of bleaching events expected to increase over the next century, coral diversity on future reefs may favor not only mounding morphologies but species like P. lobata, which have the ability to utilize heterotrophic sources of fixed carbon tha


Descriptors :   *CORAL , *CORAL REEFS , *GEOCHEMISTRY , *PHYSIOLOGY , CALCIFICATION , CHLOROPHYLLS , PHOTOSYNTHESIS , RECOVERY , REPRINTS , RESILIENCE , RESPIRATION , TEMPERATURE


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Biological Oceanography
      Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE