Accession Number : ADA578967


Title :   Activation of Hh Signaling: A Critical Biological Consequence of ETS Gene Anomalies in Prostate Cancer


Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 1 Mar 2011-31 Dec 2012


Corporate Author : SOUTH CAROLINA UNIV COLUMBIA


Personal Author(s) : Chen, Mengqian


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a578967.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 117


Abstract : One of the most notable early molecular changes in prostate cells associated with neoplastic development involves the acquisition of genetic anomalies (chromosomal rearrangements or deletions) that increase expression of gene products of the ETS family (exemplified by ERG, ETV-1, ETV-4 or ELK-4). We propose that one important consequence of ETS gene overexpression in prostate cells is increased expression and activity of Gli transcription factors that are normally induced by classical Hedgehog signaling. In this study, we have identified that GLI1 is regulated by androgens in both LNCaP and VCaP prostate cancer cells. We also identified Gli overexpression induces androgen-independent growth of prostate cancer cells and this action is mediated by a direct interaction between GLIs and androgen receptor (AR) which leads to enhanced AR signaling under both androgen-supplemented and androgen-deprived conditions. Additionally we discovered CDK8/19 as novel regulators of AR-mediated transcription in prostate cancer cells, which may provide helpful information in developing effective treatment of advanced prostate cancer in near future.


Descriptors :   *GENE EXPRESSION , *PROSTATE CANCER , ANOMALIES , GENES , METHYLATION , PROTEINS , RECEPTOR SITES(PHYSIOLOGY)


Subject Categories : Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE