Accession Number : ADA574225


Title :   Decentralizing Democracy: A Governance Proposal for Post-Conflict Ethnically Divided Countries


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEFENSE ANALYSIS DEPT


Personal Author(s) : Ganapathiraju, Srinivas ; Miske, Robert


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a574225.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 141


Abstract : The recent experience of nation building in Iraq, and more so in Afghanistan, calls for a deeper analysis of the pre-conditions for establishing an appropriate form of governance in post-conflict, ethnically divided societies. While Afghanistan's democracy has become increasingly associated with the unwanted imposition of western liberal values, the need to build stable governance there raises critical questions about which form of governance is the best social fit for a given society. This thesis seeks to explore the relationship between the decentralization of governance and stability in deeply fragmented societies. Our research also seeks to validate the tenets of consociational democracy. Drawing on lessons from six contemporary post-conflict cases, we conclude that a decentralized framework offers a more viable option than any other framework currently being proposed for deeply divided societies. Our findings suggest that the steadfast adherence to consociational democracy tenets and tailored decentralization of governance functions are consistent with the achievement of social fit in post-conflict, ethnically divided countries. Although the involvement of external actors, economic growth or decline, and other geopolitical considerations can delay stability or serve as a catalyst for instability, it is the governance characteristic of social fit that endures.


Descriptors :   *CONFLICT , *DECENTRALIZATION , *DEMOCRACY , *ETHNIC GROUPS , *FRAGMENTATION , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *POSTWAR , AFGHANISTAN , BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA , CASE STUDIES , ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , GENOCIDE , GEOPOLITICS , INDIA , INSTABILITY , ISLAM , KENYA , LEBANON , RWANDA , STABILITY , THESES , TRANSITIONS


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE