Accession Number : ADA573580


Title :   Civil-Military Challenges for a Consolidating Democracy: The Maldives


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS


Personal Author(s) : Ashraf, Ibrahim


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a573580.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 93


Abstract : This thesis explores the civil-military challenges faced by the Maldives in its transition from autocratic rule to a democratic system of governance with the ratification of the new constitution in 2008. The new constitution initiated a process ending the executive's sole authority over the military, making the military answerable to the executive as well as to the legislature, the judiciary, the Auditor General, the Anti-Corruption Commission, and civil society. To assess the new distribution of military oversight among the various branches of the state and society requires understanding the institutions and legislation of prior CMR and how the traditional regime continues to manifest itself in this transition phase. Although it has been three years since the ratification of the constitution, little progress has been made in changing the military-executive relationship in accordance with the constitutional mandate. Reformulating the military-executive relationship in accordance with the new distribution of military oversight is important for the institutional development of the military and for democratic consolidation. Efforts at the democratic reform of CMR institutions are currently stalled by inadequate legislation, an inappropriate configuration of institutions, weak enforcement of judicial decisions, and the lack of defense and security knowledge among civilians in the executive and the legislature. The study concludes that it is crucial for the Maldives to overcome these legislative and institutional challenges to enacting a democratic CMR regime if it is to meet its security challenges.


Descriptors :   *COMMUNITY RELATIONS , *DEMOCRACY , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *HISTORY , *MALDIVE ISLANDS , *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *TRANSITIONS , CIVIL AFFAIRS , DECISION MAKING , INDIA , INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , LEGISLATION , NATIONAL SECURITY , PORTUGAL , THESES , THREATS , UNITED KINGDOM


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Humanities and History
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE