Accession Number : ADA571319


Title :   Gunshot Wounds in Military Working Dogs in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom: 29 cases (2003-2009)


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND FORT BRAGG NC


Personal Author(s) : Baker, Janice L ; Havas, Karyn A ; Miller, Laura A ; Lacy, Ward A ; Schlanser, Justin


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a571319.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 7


Abstract : Clinical data from battlefield treatment, which includes care from the point of injury through arrival to, but not including, a designated veterinary treatment facility. Twenty-nine dogs were injured between 2003 and 2009. All but one of the injuries were from high caliber, high velocity weapons. Of the 29 injured dogs, 11 survived the injuries and 18 died (38% survival rate). Of the dogs that died, all but 1 died from catastrophic nonsurvivable injuries before treatment or evacuation could be instituted. The thorax was the most common site of injury (50%) followed by extremity wounds (46%). The leading cause of death from GSWs was from thoracic wounds, followed by head wounds. Dogs with extremity wounds as their only injury were most likely to survive, and dogs with multiple injuries were least likely to survive. All surviving dogs received treatment at the point of injury by military medics and dog handlers consistent with Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines for combat injuries in human service members. Of the 11 that survived, all dogs returned to full duty with subsequent deployment to combat zones. Location of wounds and injury severity at the time of presentation to veterinary care was not correlated with length of time until return to duty.


Descriptors :   *BULLET WOUNDS , *MILITARY DOGS , AFGHANISTAN CONFLICT , CASUALTIES , EXTREMITIES , HEMOGLOBIN , IRAQI WAR , STATISTICAL ANALYSIS , THORAX , TRAUMA , VETERINARY MEDICINE , WOUNDS AND INJURIES


Subject Categories : Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine
      Weapons Effects(biological)
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE