Accession Number : ADA568827


Title :   Methyl Salicylate: A Reactive Chemical Warfare Agent Surrogate to Detect Reaction with Hypochlorite (POSTPRINT)


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : APPLIED RESEARCH ASSOCIATES INC TYNDALL AFB FL


Personal Author(s) : Salter, Wallace B ; Owens, Jeffery R ; Wander, Joseph D


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a568827.pdf


Report Date : May 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : Methyl Salicylate (MeS) has been widely used as a surrogate for the chemical agents GD and HD in tests such as vapor penetration because all three exhibit similar volatility. The chemistry of the same three chemicals is grossly dissimilar, and different surrogates --e.g., diisopropyl fluorophosphate for GD in challenges by a nucleophilic neutralizing agent, because both share the R-O-P-F functionality --are generally used for tests of reactivity with potential neutralizing agents. However, the phenolic -OH of MeS suggests oxidizability, which raised the possibility that MeS might function as a surrogate for examining the efficiency of coverage and distribution of a sprayed oxidizing agent as a neutralizing treatment.


Descriptors :   *CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS , *HYPOCHLORITES , *SALICYLATES , CHEMICAL AGENTS , CHEMICALS , DECONTAMINATION , DISTRIBUTION , EFFICIENCY , GD AGENT , METHYL RADICALS , NEUTRALIZATION , OXIDATION , PENETRATION , PHENOLS , REACTIVITIES , RESPONSE , SPRAYS , TEST AND EVALUATION , VAPORS


Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE