Accession Number : ADA568787


Title :   MSM-Metal Semiconductor Metal Photo-detector Using Black Silicon Germanium (SiGe) for Extended Wavelength Near Infrared Detection


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB ADELPHI MD SENSORS AND ELECTRON DEVICES DIRECTORATE


Personal Author(s) : Semendy, Fred ; Taylor, Patrick ; Meissner, Gregory ; Wijewarnasuriya, Priyalal


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a568787.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 18


Abstract : We have investigated for the first time the electrical properties of metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) photodectors fabricated using black silicon-germanium on silicon substrate (Si1-xGex/Si) for I-V, optical response, external quantum efficiency (EQE), internal quantum efficiency (IQE), and responsivity and reflectivity. Silicon-germanium (Si1-xGex)/Si with variations of Ge were blackened by metal enhanced chemical etching (MECE) using nanometer-scale gold particles as catalyst and HF:H2O2:CH3COOH solution as etchant. The etched surface was black, textured, and showed strong suppression of reflectivity. These properties are consistent with Si1?xGex becoming highly micro-structured due to metal catalysis and wet etching. Using the blackened SiGe/Si, MSM photodiodes were fabricated and tested. The lowering of reflection using a U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL)-developed technique has helped the enhancement of absorption in Si1-xGex to provide increased optical response, which is an important milestone towards practical, extended wavelength (2 microns) electro-optical applications.


Descriptors :   *PHOTODETECTORS , GERMANIUM , INFRARED DETECTORS , QUANTUM EFFICIENCY , SILICON


Subject Categories : Infrared Detection and Detectors


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE