Accession Number : ADA566622


Title :   Poland: Lone Eagle over Europe


Descriptive Note : Monograph


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES


Personal Author(s) : Rozumski, Paul A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a566622.pdf


Report Date : 17 May 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 62


Abstract : The military defeat of Poland in 1939 was not the result of fighting the combined armies of Germany and the Soviet Union. Rather, the failure can be attributed to Poland's political hubris of pursuing two strategic imperatives, independence from Russia and regional dominance in Eastern Europe, using primarily military means. This monograph examines how Poland used its military to achieve its strategic imperatives across four time-periods in its history spanning 1764 to 1939. The specific time-periods are as follows: (1) 1764-1918, the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth to the Second Polish Republic; (2) 1918-1926, the Treaty of Riga to Jozef Pilsudski's coup; (3) Pilsudski's coup to Pilsudski's death; and (4) the rise of the Nazi war machine to Poland's military failure. Using the diplomatic, informational, military, and economic (DIME) methodology as an instrument of analysis, the monograph reveals that Poland was a militaristic state that followed French military theory and doctrine. However, for a brief period when at war with the Russians, a unique Polish theory and doctrine emerged. There is evidence that Poland used operational art as an approach to defeat the Russians in an unexpected fashion. Unfortunately, due to insufficient means to support the military, the Poles endeared themselves to the French during the interwar period and abandoned their emergent operational art in favor of an obsolete and ineffective French tradition. The implications are clear. Strategic imperatives shaped by the political authority of a nation directly impact the development and use of a nation's military.


Descriptors :   *FIRST WORLD WAR , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *MILITARY DOCTRINE , *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *MILITARY HISTORY , *POLAND , *SECOND WORLD WAR , FRANCE , GERMANY , RUSSIA , TREATIES , USSR


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Humanities and History
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE