Accession Number : ADA564037


Title :   Maritime Shipping Protection: A Vital Mission Still Neglected and Underprepared to Execute by the United States


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT


Personal Author(s) : McGrady, Jeffrey


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a564037.pdf


Report Date : 04 May 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 29


Abstract : Both maritime nations and operational level commanders depend upon the sea for a number of important reasons. Maritime nations rely heavily upon the uninterrupted flow of shipping to ensure economic prosperity and operational-level commanders depend upon it to move and sustain large joint forces within their areas of operations (AORs). Regrettably, protection of the nation's shipping is not always thoroughly considered by current operational commanders. Historically, maritime trade protection has been neglected, and continues to suffer a similar fate today. Inexcusably, the United States is quick to forget about lessons learned from the past. As a result, operational commanders place too little emphasis on shipping protection and are underprepared to protect and defend it from attack. Today's commanders take access for granted, the current state of Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and Mine Countermeasures (MCM) is less than desirable, and current guidance and doctrine on the protection of shipping is weak. For these reasons, change must occur to ensure that the nation's shipping stays afloat. Current doctrine should be re-written, operational commanders must be proactive, the U.S. Air Force should be more thoroughly integrated into the maritime domain, adding protective measures to merchant shipping should be considered, the Joint Intelligence Operation Center (JIOC) should be integrated with the Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) aspect of Naval Cooperation and Guidance for Shipping (NCAGS), and convoy operations should be practiced.


Descriptors :   *ANTISUBMARINE WARFARE , *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES , *MILITARY CAPABILITIES , *MINE COUNTERMEASURES , *PROTECTION , *SHIPPING , ACCESS , AIR FORCE , AREA DENIAL , DEFICIENCIES , FIRST WORLD WAR , MERCHANT VESSELS , MILITARY DOCTRINE , NAVAL VESSELS(SUPPORT) , NAVY , SECOND WORLD WAR , SHIP CONVOYS


Subject Categories : Surface Transportation and Equipment
      Marine Engineering
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE