Accession Number : ADA562827


Title :   Impacts and Risks of Migration and Refugee Flows in Africa


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP


Personal Author(s) : Mbite, Joseph P


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a562827.pdf


Report Date : 12 Mar 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 28


Abstract : Conflict and human rights abuses associated with poor governance have become the key factors that contribute to mass migration in Africa, and it is no coincidence that conflict-ridden countries are often those with severe economic difficulties. Similarly, domestic strife and civil war frequently produce large population dislocations and refugee flows across national boundaries. Population displacements, refugees, and migration are not only common phenomena, but are also on the increase in sub-Saharan Africa. Although explanations for the causes include political oppression, economic adversity, and environmental degradation, conflicts and wars account for the bulk of sub-Saharan Africa's refugees and migration in recent years. These explanations are themselves dependent on the problem of the African states and their failure to address the region's environmental crisis. This paper will identify the impacts and risks of mass migration and refugee flows in Africa, and the effects of climate change on economics and security. The paper will conclude with recommendations on how to mitigate these problems.


Descriptors :   *AFRICA , *CONFLICT , *DISLOCATIONS , *DISPLACEMENT , *HUMAN RIGHTS , *MIGRATION , *REFUGEES , CLIMATE CHANGE , CRIMINAL CORRUPTION , DROUGHT , ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , ECONOMIC IMPACT , ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , INSTABILITY , POLICIES , RACIAL DISCRIMINATION , RISK , SECURITY , UNEMPLOYMENT , URBAN AREAS


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE