Accession Number : ADA561995


Title :   China's Energy Insecurity and the South China Sea Dispute


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA


Personal Author(s) : Brandenburg, James A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a561995.pdf


Report Date : 24 Mar 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 44


Abstract : China's unprecedented economic growth and military modernization have accelerated its demand for energy resources, especially oil. Recently, China emerged as the second largest consumer of oil behind the United States and now imports over 50 percent of its oil requirement. In fact, analysts estimate that China's demand for oil will exceed global production capacity by 2030, or possibly sooner. As the global demand for energy rises, China's geostrategy includes securing access to oil while possibly leveraging the ability to deny access to others. China's Go Out economic policy and its mercantilist approach to controlling energy resources combined with aggressive trade agreements that include weapons, advanced technology, and/or loan deals for oil reflect China's growing energy security dilemma. The South China Sea's 7.5 billion barrels of proven oil reserves as well as extraordinary estimates of oil/natural gas reserves in the heavily disputed Spratly and Paracel Island regions stand to raise the stakes of interested parties, including the United States. Given China's rise and its territorial claims to not only the islands, but the vast majority of the South China Sea and its resources, it remains unclear whether such claims will become a platform for cooperation or conflict.


Descriptors :   *CHINA , *CONFLICT , *CRUDE OIL , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *NATURAL GAS , *SECURITY , *SOUTH CHINA SEA , ACCESS , AGREEMENTS , ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , INTERNATIONAL TRADE , ISLANDS , REQUIREMENTS , TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Geography
      Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
      Fuels


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE