Accession Number : ADA561926
Title : Afghanistan: U.S. Rule of Law and Justice Sector Assistance
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Wyler, Liana S ; Katzman, Kenneth
Report Date : 09 Nov 2010
Pagination or Media Count : 49
Abstract : Developing effective Afghan justice sector institutions is considered by many observers to be essential in winning the support of the Afghan population, improving the Afghan government's credibility and legitimacy, and reducing support for insurgent factions. Such sentiments are reinforced in the face of growing awareness of the pervasiveness of Afghan corruption. The purpose of this report is to provide background and analysis for Congress on U.S. rule of law (ROL) and justice sector assistance programs to Afghanistan. The report provides context for ROL issues in Afghanistan by defining ROL and the justice sector, describing the scope of the ROL problem in Afghanistan, including the role of corruption, and surveying the range of Afghan justice sector institutions. The report also describes U.S., Afghan, and multilateral policy approaches to the Afghan justice sector since the U.S. military invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, U.S. policy coordination and funding, and current U.S. justice sector assistance programs in Afghanistan. Additionally, this report examines several issues for the 112th Congress, which is likely to remain concerned with all aspects of U.S. policy toward Afghanistan, including authorizing and appropriating ROL-related programs and assistance, as well as oversight on policy implementation and effectiveness. Issues for Congress include the implications of Afghan corruption on future U.S. foreign assistance to Afghanistan, limitations of U.S. ROL support efforts in Afghanistan, debates regarding U.S. support to the Afghan informal justice sector, and long-term effectiveness of U.S. ROL support efforts in Afghanistan. U.S. efforts to train and support Afghan police forces as well as counternarcotics, anti-money laundering, and anti-corruption efforts are discussed due to their cross-cutting relationship to ROL, but they are not the primary focus of this report.
Descriptors : *AFGHANISTAN , *CRIMINAL CORRUPTION , *CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM , *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE , *DEPARTMENT OF STATE , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *INTERAGENCY COORDINATION , CIVILIAN PERSONNEL , COUNTERINSURGENCY , FOREIGN AID , HISTORY , LOCAL GOVERNMENT , MILITARY PERSONNEL , PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY) , POLICIES , PUBLIC OPINION , STATE GOVERNMENT , SURVEYS
Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
Sociology and Law
Military Forces and Organizations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE