Accession Number : ADA561575


Title :   Experimental Characterization of Soot Formation in Diffusion Flames and Explosive Fireballs


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Sep 2006-Sep 2010


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH DIRECTORATE


Personal Author(s) : McNesby, Kevin ; Homan, Barrie ; Densmore, John ; Biss, Matt ; Benjamin, Richard ; Kurman, Matt ; Kweon, Chol-bum ; McAndrew, Brendan ; Quine, Zachary


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a561575.pdf


Report Date : Apr 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 106


Abstract : This report summarizes a 5-year effort at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory to study soot formation in diffusion flames. The work described begins with experimental and modeling studies of atmospheric pressure ethylene (C2H4)/air (N2-O2) flames to which metaxylene (C8H10) is added on the fuel side. Several laser-based diagnostic methods are discussed, including an extensive effort to measure acetylene gas in flames using a quantum cascade laser. The report also describes efforts to construct an elevated pressure-opposed flow burner and presents data on soot formation in ethylene/air flames in this burner to a total pressure of 3 bar. During the course of this work, new experimental techniques of high-speed digital temperature and pressure mapping were developed. These techniques, described here in detail, became the focus of the latter part of the research. They are also applied to flame analysis and explosion measurement as a way of illustrating the ability to measure pressure and temperature during dynamic events. The report finishes with a discussion of unresolved or incomplete questions and tasks, and a list of publications.


Descriptors :   *BURNERS , *COMBUSTION , *FLAME PROPAGATION , *FLAMES , *SOOT , ARMY RESEARCH , ETHYLENE , EXPLOSIVES , HIGH PRESSURE , IMAGE PROCESSING , LIGHT SCATTERING , PYROMETERS , QUANTUM THEORY , ROOM TEMPERATURE , TEMPERATURE


Subject Categories : Combustion and Ignition


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE