Accession Number : ADA560178


Title :   Effect of Temperature on Mechanical Properties of Nanoclay Reinforced Polymeric Nanocomposites. Part 1. Experimental Results


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : CITY COLL NEW YORK DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


Personal Author(s) : Bayar, S ; Delale, F ; Liaw, B M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a560178.pdf


Report Date : 23 Apr 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 28


Abstract : In this paper the effect of temperature and nanoclay reinforcement percentage on nanoclay reinforced polymeric nanocomposites is studied. First, polypropylene (PP 3371) resin reinforced with various nanoclay percentages is tested at room, elevated and low temperatures. The tests are conducted on ASTM Type I specimens instrumented with strain gages in an MTS machine equipped with an environmental chamber. Next to ascertain the effect of various PP resins, nanoclay reinforced Borealis and TP 3868 tensile specimens are tested from low to elevated temperatures. In addition nanoclay reinforced epoxy specimens are tested at room temperature. The test results are plotted as stress-strain curves and the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites including Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, ultimate stress and failure strain are determined. The tensile test results indicate that the Young's modulus of the nanocomposite increases with increasing nanoclay reinforcement percentage. The temperature has even a more significant effect. It was observed that as the temperature decreases the material becomes brittle, has higher stiffness and fails at lower strains. High temperatures have the opposite effect, in that, as the temperature increases the material loses stiffness and becomes more ductile. Temperature and nanoclay reinforcement affect the Poisson's ratio also, but this effect is less significant. In general, as the temperature increases the Poisson's ratio also increases. However, an increase in nanoclay reinforcement generally reduces the Poisson's ratio. It is also noted that the type of resin used may have a significant effect on the mechanical properties of the nanocomposite.


Descriptors :   *CLAY , *COMPOSITE MATERIALS , *CONCENTRATION(COMPOSITION) , *MECHANICAL PROPERTIES , *POLYPROPYLENE , DUCTILITY , PARTICLE SIZE , POISSON RATIO , STRESS STRAIN RELATIONS , TEMPERATURE , TEST METHODS


Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Laminates and Composite Materials
      Plastics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE