Accession Number : ADA559718


Title :   Prevention of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among Military Health Care Workers: A Systematic Review


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL INST PENSACOLA FL


Personal Author(s) : Orsello, Christopher A ; Alfonzo, Christopher A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a559718.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 15


Abstract : Studies indicate that Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is not uncommon among medical personnel serving in the military and that its prevention remains a significant challenge. While extensive PTSD research findings exist that are generalizable to the military dedicated research specific to its at-risk population of medical workers is less common. The purpose of this review is to perform a systematic search for the most effective strategies in the prevention of PTSD and consider their applicability to the military healthcare provider. Comprehensive electronic search was performed utilizing MEDLINE, Cochrane Database PubMed, CINAHL (EBSCO), Health and Wellness Resource Center, Nursing and Allied Health Source, Applied Social Sciences Index (CSA), PsycARTICLES (APA), and PAIS International (CSA). Significant variation exists among PTSD preventive strategies in effectiveness and in applicability to military healthcare workers. Strategies such as multiple early interventions, psychological debriefing, pre-deployment training and psychoeducation lack current evidence for efficacy in the prevention of PTSD. PTSD preventive strategies should favor therapy that identifies the traumatic event, with long-term outpatient therapy more effective than short-term inpatient. Vigorous physical exercise and unit cohesion are significantly associated with decreased odds of PTSD symptom development among military personnel. Awareness of significant risk factors may improve preventive outcomes by enabling earlier intervention, and insights on resiliency may further optimize effective PTSD preventive strategies. Modified Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy may be an effective and practical early intervention with expanded applicability to military operation settings.


Descriptors :   *HEALTH , *MEDICAL PERSONNEL , *MENTAL DISORDERS , *POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER , AWARENESS , COHESION , ELASTIC PROPERTIES , MILITARY OPERATIONS , MILITARY PERSONNEL , NURSING , ORDER DISORDER TRANSFORMATIONS , PSYCHOLOGY , RISK , SOCIAL SCIENCES , STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY) , THERAPY


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE