Accession Number : ADA555843


Title :   Health Status and Performance of United States Air Force Airmen Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 11 Aug 2008-31 Aug 2010


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH


Personal Author(s) : Wells, Timothy


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a555843.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 49


Abstract : The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to determine the agreement between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) definition of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and the clinical judgment of a board-certified neurologist-based upon medical records review; and (2) to utilize a historical prospective design in a large, well documented United States Air Force (USAF) population to determine possible performance and health decrements among USAF service members who have been diagnosed with mTBI. The scope of the study includes all active duty USAF men and women who served for 6 or more months from October 1, 2001 through September 30, 2008. The study included 518,893 Airmen with 5,065 (or almost 1%) who met the CDC definition of mTBI. This retrospective cohort study was conducted to determine the following: (1) the reliability and validity of using the CDC's ICD-9-CM codes to identify individuals with an mTBI according to the CDC's Clinical Record Data Definition from medical records located at Wright-Patterson Medical Center (WPMC), (2) the short- and long-term adverse health outcomes associated with mTBI, and (3) the risk for subsequent mishaps post-mTBI. The results of the study are important in understanding the possible adverse performance and health decrements associated with mTBI.


Descriptors :   *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL , *COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT , *DRUG ADDICTION , *EPIDEMIOLOGY , *MENTAL DISORDERS , *MOTOR FUNCTION IMPAIRMENT , *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , *TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES , ACCIDENTS , ACTIVE DUTY , AFGHANISTAN CONFLICT , DEMOGRAPHY , ENDOCRINOLOGY , FEMALES , IRAQI WAR , MALES , RISK


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Toxicology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE