Accession Number : ADA555597


Title :   An Investigation of Anaerobic Processes in Fuel/Natural Seawater Environments


Descriptive Note : Conference paper


Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS DETACHMENT STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS OCEANOGRAPHY DIV


Personal Author(s) : Lee, Jason S ; Ray, Richard I ; Little, Brenda J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a555597.pdf


Report Date : 08 Feb 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 16


Abstract : Experiments were designed to evaluate corrosion-related consequences of storing/transporting petroleum and alternative fuels in contact with natural seawater. Fuels included petroleum JP-5, camelina derived JP-5, petroleum F-76, and algal derived F-76 and mixtures of the petroleum-based and alternative fuels. Corrosion rates were estimated from polarization resistance measurements and corrosion was measured by weight loss. Corrosion attack morphology and corrosion products were analyzed by three-dimensional profilometry, environmental scanning microscopy, and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Alternative fuels stimulated sulfide production in seawater indicating that the alternative fuels were more biodegradable than the petroleum-based counterparts. Chlorides and sulfides could be detected in all corrosion products when seawater was present. Weight loss did not correlate with instantaneous corrosion rates or with dissolved sulfide concentrations in the seawater.


Descriptors :   *ALGAE , *ANAEROBIC PROCESSES , *CORROSION , *FUELS , *OCEAN ENVIRONMENTS , *PETROLEUM PRODUCTS , *SEA WATER , BIODETERIORATION , CHLORIDES , DISPERSIONS , DISSOLVING , MEASUREMENT , MICROSCOPY , MIXTURES , MORPHOLOGY , POLARIZATION , SULFIDES


Subject Categories : Biology
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
      Properties of Metals and Alloys
      Fuels


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE