Accession Number : ADA555588
Title : Human Factors Issues When Operating Underwater Remotely Operated Vehicles and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.
Corporate Author : DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TORONTO (CANADA)
Personal Author(s) : Ho, Geoffrey ; Pavlovic, Nada J ; Arrabito, Robert ; Abdalla, Rifaat
Report Date : Mar 2011
Pagination or Media Count : 71
Abstract : There has been a great deal of human factors research on unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) in large due to a high number of operator related mishaps. However, there is very little research examining the unique human factors problems associated with unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). The lack of research is surprising as there are frequent anecdotal accounts ROV entanglement, collisions, and failures. In addition, militaries are now using UUVs for search and rescue and mine countermeasure (MCM) operations and in the future, UUVs will take on critical roles in intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR), anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and even time critical strike operations. In this paper, it is argued that the underwater environment presents unique challenges to operating UUVs that are different from the challenges of UGV and UAV systems. Several common human factors problems are discussed when using UUVs, including the loss of sensory cues and spatial awareness, the control of the remote vehicle, problems with situation awareness and workload, problems with trust in automation, and challenges with human robot communication. In each case, these issues are discussed with respect to underwater operations.
Descriptors : *DRONES , *HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING , *UNDERWATER VEHICLES , ANTISUBMARINE WARFARE , CANADA , COMMUNICATION AND RADIO SYSTEMS , MINE COUNTERMEASURES , TRANSLATIONS
Subject Categories : Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE