Accession Number : ADA554428


Title :   Application of Tools to Measure PCB Microbial Dechlorination and Flux into Water During In-situ Treatment of Sediments


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 2006-2007


Corporate Author : WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE


Personal Author(s) : Baker, Joel ; Chang, Chih-Wei ; Sowers, Kevin ; Ghosh, Upal ; Paul, Piuly ; Kjellerup, Birthe


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a554428.pdf


Report Date : Aug 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 148


Abstract : This study addresses the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) Statement of Need CUSON-06-03: Assessment and Measurement of Processes Impacting the Fate and Transport of Contaminants in Sediments. The needs addressed in this study are: 1) To develop and evaluate site characterization tools to measure the rates of important sediment chemical/physical/biological processes affecting the fate and transport of contaminants, and 2) To understand and quantify sediment exchange processes with overlying water. The project began in 2006; the report includes progress through December 2007 in this multi-year study. Our initial goals were to examine sediments from representative riverine and estuarine systems with well-characterized polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) contamination histories. Since these sediments will be used for more detailed laboratory studies of dehalogenation, activated carbon (AC) amendments, and sediment-water exchange, a goal of the first year was to characterize the PCB levels and the presence of dehalogenating organisms. Only those sediments with sufficiently high PCB levels and active populations of dehalogenating microbes are suitable for subsequent experiments; results from these evaluations drive our initial go-no go decision. Results to date compare the PCB levels and availability across the sediment types. We have developed and calibrated a dynamic sediment-water exchange model of PCB transport that included particle coagulation and kinetically-limited partitioning. Overall hypothesis of this study is that the extent of biogeochemical reactivity and mobility of sedimentary contaminants is controlled by desorption to support dissolved concentrations. This study employs two new assessment tools to quantify the bioavailability of sediment-bound contaminants to evaluate the efficacy of in situ AC treatments. Our broad goal is to assist in the development of the next generation of contaminated sediment management tools.


Descriptors :   *CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION , *MICROBIOLOGY , *SEDIMENTS , BACTERIA , MOLECULAR BIOLOGY , POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS , RIVERS


Subject Categories : Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
      Microbiology
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
      Water Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE