Accession Number : ADA553196


Title :   Arab Cultural Influences on Intertemporal Reasoning


Descriptive Note : Research rept. Sep 2009-Nov 2011


Corporate Author : MACGREGOR BATES INC COTTAGE GROVE OR


Personal Author(s) : MacGregor, Donald G ; Godfrey, Joseph R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a553196.pdf


Report Date : 30 Nov 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 31


Abstract : How cultures understand time is a defining cultural characteristic. This paper uses the term intertemporal reasoning to refer to the psychosocial and cultural processes engaged when people either integrate past experiences and events or project forward to the future. Available literature (in English) on Arab culture is explored to contrast how that culture reasons about time and events, with respect to Western cultures. A number of themes emerge, including the role that attribution of causality plays in Western culture as a basis for interpretation of the past, and the tendency of Arab culture to integrate events into an associative gestalt. The results suggest that Arab culture has traditions that may place less emphasis than Western cultures on temporal sequencing as a key organizing principle. Furthermore, the poetic quality of Arab culture favors an associative approach to the integration of past and present, as opposed to the causal approach of Western cultures. It is suggested that Arab cultural traditions concerning time and events may play an important role in how day-to-day experience is both encoded and recalled as part of reconstructing recent personal histories.


Descriptors :   *CULTURE , ARABS , REASONING , SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE