Accession Number : ADA551822


Title :   Selection of Type I and Type II Methanotrophic Proteobacteria in a Fluidized Bed Reactor under Non-Sterile Conditions


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY


Personal Author(s) : Pfluger, Andrew R ; Wu, Wei-Min ; Pieja, Allison J ; Wan, Jonathan ; Rostkowski, Katherine H ; Criddle, Craig S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a551822.pdf


Report Date : Aug 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 10


Abstract : Type II methanotrophs produce polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), while Type I methanotrophs do not. A laboratory-scale fluidized bed reactor was initially inoculated with a Type II Methylocystis-like dominated culture. At elevated levels of dissolved oxygen (DO, 9 mg/L), pH of 6.2-6.5 with nitrate as the N-source a Methylobacter-like Type I methanotroph became dominant within the biofilms which did not produce PHB. A shift to biofilms capable of PHB production was achieved by re-inoculating with Type II Methylosinus culture, providing dissolved N2 as the N-source, and maintaining a low influent DO (2.0 mg/L). The resulting biofilms contained both Types I and II methanotrophs. Batch tests indicated that biofilm samples grown with N2 became dominated by Type II methanotrophs and produced PHB. Enrichments with nitrate or ammonium were dominated by Type I methanotrophs without PHB production capability. The key selection factors favoring Type II were N2 as N-source and low DO.


Descriptors :   *BACTERIA , *BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS , *BUTYRATES , BIOMASS , FLUIDIZED BED PROCESSORS , PRODUCTION , REPRINTS


Subject Categories : Microbiology
      Plastics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE