Accession Number : ADA549973


Title :   Aviation Fueling: A Cleaner, Greener Approach


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CLEVELAND OH GLENN RESEARCH CENTER


Personal Author(s) : Hendricks, Robert C ; Bushnell, Dennis M ; Shouse, Dale T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a549973.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 14


Abstract : Projected growth of aviation depends on fueling where specific needs must be met. Safety is paramount, and along with political, social, environmental, and legacy transport systems requirements, alternate aviation fueling becomes an opportunity of enormous proportions. Biofuels sourced from halophytes, algae, cyanobacteria, and weeds using wastelands, waste water, and seawater have the capacity to be drop-in fuel replacements for petroleum fuels. Biojet fuels from such sources solve the aviation CO2 emissions issue and do not compete with food or freshwater needs. They are not detrimental to the social or environmental fabric and use the existing fuels infrastructure. Cost and sustainable supply remain the major impediments to alternate fuels. Halophytes are the near-term solution to biomass/biofuels capacity at reasonable costs; they simply involve more farming, at usual farming costs. Biofuels represent a win-win approach, proffering as they do at least the ones we are studying massive capacity, climate neutral-to-some sequestration, and ultimately, reasonable costs.


Descriptors :   *AVIATION FUELS , *BIOMASS CONVERSION , *FUEL CONSUMPTION , AERONAUTICS , CAPACITY(QUANTITY) , COSTS , ENVIRONMENTS , FARM CROPS , FOOD , FRESH WATER , FUELS , INFRASTRUCTURE , PETROLEUM PRODUCTS , REFUELING , REPRINTS , REQUIREMENTS , SAFETY , SOURCES , SUPPLIES , TRANSPORTATION , WASTE WATER


Subject Categories : Fuels


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE