Accession Number : ADA546320


Title :   Policy Failures in the Graveyard of Empires: How Policymakers Let the Soldiers Down in the British, the Soviet, and the American Wars in Afghanistan


Descriptive Note : Monograph


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES


Personal Author(s) : Khan, Mehar O


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a546320.pdf


Report Date : 19 May 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 76


Abstract : This monograph examines the role of policy makers in guiding the British, Soviet, and U.S.-NATO wars in Afghanistan. Set in the context of Afghanistan's history and its sociocultural environment, the study critically analyzes the negative impact of policy failures -- acts of omission as well as commission -- on the conduct and outcome of these three wars. Holding Afghanistan's physical environment constant, the monograph examines numerous policy variables, including the evolution of grand strategy, resource allocation, governance, and security force assistance. Analysis of selected aspects of the First Anglo-Afghan War and the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan highlights several policy missteps and miscalculations that today's policy makers could have avoided in Afghanistan. The author contends that the incompetence and myopia of the policy makers overseeing the U.S.-NATO effort in Afghanistan are responsible for squandering the military gains made there and for the failure to guide these wars to their strategic end-state. In conclusion, the author sets forth a set of recommendations for both policy makers and operational artists.


Descriptors :   *POLICIES , *UNITED KINGDOM , *AFGHANISTAN , *WARFARE , *MILITARY HISTORY , *NATO , *USSR , AFGHANISTAN CONFLICT , RESOURCE MANAGEMENT , ERRORS , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , MILITARY ASSISTANCE , PAKISTAN , MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES)


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE