Accession Number : ADA545832


Title :   Explosive Destruction System's Drum Filter. Part 1. Experimental Validation


Descriptive Note : Final rept. May 1999-May 2000


Corporate Author : ARMY EDGEWOOD CHEMICAL BIOLOGICAL CENTER APG MD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DIR


Personal Author(s) : Buettner, Leonard C ; Mahle, John J ; Morrison, Robert W ; Weller, Edward


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a545832.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 24


Abstract : Product Manager, Nonstockpile Chemical Materiel Program Office, has developed a system to destroy nonstockpile munitions containing chemical warfare agents. This Explosive Destruction System (EDS) includes a filter to prevent vapors being released to the environment during draining of decontaminated agent from the destruction chamber. An assessment was required to ensure adequate toxic chemical filtration performance. Single-component testing of the filter with the decontaminant monoethanolamine (MEA) demonstrated sufficient capacity for three operations of EDS before MEA would exit the inlet noncombustible silica portion of the adsorbent bed and pose a fire risk to the downstream carbon bed. Single component breakthrough testing with the agent simulant dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) indicated that the EDS could be used for destroying over 700 nerve or mustard filled munitions before the filter capacity for those agents would be exceeded. Six EDS filters tested to breakthrough with MEA decontaminated HD indicated no penetration of MEA (or any breakdown products) over the 6 h duration of the tests, equivalent to at least 40 operations of the EDS system. However, to prevent the risk of fire, the filter should not be used beyond the three operations over which the MEA is retained in the silica layer of the adsorbent bed.


Descriptors :   *DESTRUCTION , *VENTING , *TEST AND EVALUATION , *CHEMICAL ORDNANCE , *FILTERS , ACTIVATED CARBON , FLOW RATE , PHOSPHONATES , NERVE AGENTS , CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS , CHEMICAL AGENT SIMULANTS , FILTRATION , HD AGENT , ADSORPTION , SILICON DIOXIDE , METHYL RADICALS , DECONTAMINATION , VAPOR BARRIERS , TEMPERATURE


Subject Categories : Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE