Accession Number : ADA545599


Title :   Exploring Potential ADS-B Vulnerabilites in the FAA's Nextgen Air Transportation System


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH DEPT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING


Personal Author(s) : McCallie, Donald L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a545599.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 56


Abstract : The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Next Generation upgrade proposes a fundamental transformation to the national airspace system (NAS) that aims to reduce dependence on outdated radar infrastructure, increase airline safety and condense required aircraft spatial separation. A key component of the upgrade is the Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) system. ADS-B provides continual broadcast of aircraft position, identity, velocity and other information over unencrypted data links to generate a precise air picture for air traffic management. Official documents claim operational requirements necessitate unencrypted data links while maintaining that there is a low likelihood for malicious exploitation. This paper studies the security vulnerabilities associated with the ADS-B implementation plan and develops a taxonomy to classify attacks and examine potential impacts the attacks have on overall NAS operations. The taxonomy helps provide a comprehensive understanding of the threats associated with ADS-B implementation and facilitates risk analysis and risk management. For demonstration purposes, three vignettes are presented to highlight how ADS-B attacks could impact military operations and homeland defense. Finally a series of recommendations for consideration in the implementation plan going forward is provided.


Descriptors :   *RISK MANAGEMENT , *RADIO BROADCASTING , *SURVEILLANCE , *AIR TRANSPORTATION , SECURITY , VULNERABILITY , RADAR , CODING , PRECISION , SEPARATION , AVIATION SAFETY , DATA LINKS , AIR TRAFFIC , TAXONOMY , INFRASTRUCTURE , RISK ANALYSIS , IMPACT , POSITION(LOCATION) , HOMELAND DEFENSE , MILITARY OPERATIONS , SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION


Subject Categories : Safety Engineering
      Air Navigation and Guidance
      Radio Communications


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE