Accession Number : ADA545228


Title :   Enemies into Allies: American Stability Operations and the Transformation of Japan 1945-1952


Descriptive Note : monograph


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES


Personal Author(s) : Skelly, III, Lawrence E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a545228.pdf


Report Date : 19 May 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 62


Abstract : The current U.S. Army operating concept prominently includes stability operations built on the core competency of wide area security. Stability operations secure national goals for military action by establishing the conditions for lasting peace after conflict or by mitigating the effects of humanitarian crisis. During the occupation of Japan following the end of World War II, American forces conducted stability operations that effectively did both. In the process, the American occupation forces transformed a defeated enemy nation into valued ally. This study identified lessons applicable to future missions from the American stability operations conducted in Japan from 1945 to 1952 by examining the strategy for the occupation, the operational plan, and the stability tasks conducted. The United States prior to 1945 adopted a strategy that defined the ends, ways, and means for occupation of Japan upon successful conclusion of combat operations in the Pacific Theater. American forces led by GEN Douglas MacArthur developed plans for occupation that translated national strategy into stability tasks to units in ways that can be examined through current doctrine's elements of operational design. The operational units of the occupation forces, like the U.S. Eighth Army, executed both initial responses and transformative actions that significantly contributed to the recovery of Japan in the post-war period. While the occupation of Japan was conducted under unique circumstances, lessons can be drawn from the American actions that set conditions for Japan's return to global prominence within the context of an alliance that has secured peace between Japan and the United States for over sixty years.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , *MILITARY OPERATIONS , *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , JOBS , STRATEGY , SECOND WORLD WAR , JAPAN , THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS , AREA SECURITY , PACIFIC OCEAN , POSTWAR , ENEMY


Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE