Accession Number : ADA540756


Title :   Underwater Cycle Ergometry: Power Requirements With and Without Diver Thermal Dress


Descriptive Note : Technical rept. Apr-Jun 2008


Corporate Author : NAVY EXPERIMENTAL DIVING UNIT PANAMA CITY FL


Personal Author(s) : Shykoff, Barbara


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a540756.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 27


Abstract : Navy Experimental Diving Unit (NEDU) uses cycle ergometers to increase diver oxygen consumption in many different experiments. An ongoing problem has been that, although the power requirement of cycling in the water is known to be greater than that in air for the same ergometer setting, the magnitude of the difference, particularly with diver thermal dress, has been unclear. We compared oxygen consumption during dry ergometry to that during ergometry in head-out water immersion among a total of 25 cycling subjects who wore PT gear, wet suits, dry suits, or non-return valve (NRV) suits. We also measured the effects of pedal cadence with different diver dress. Additional power varied greatly among subjects and was either independent of ergometer setting or increased with setting. Mean additional power when constant with increased ergometer setting was 64 (standard error [SE] 5) W, 69 (SE 5) W, 104 (SE 9) W, and 126 (SE 7) W at 60 rpm in PT gear, wet suit, dry suit, and NRV suit, respectively. Additional power requirements varied approximately with the cube of cadence, a variation suggesting drag and moment of inertia, not additional torque, as the causes. Additional power in a wet suit was not different from that in PT gear. Greater pedal drag and less stable subject position may cause a greater additional power requirement at NEDU than that measured at other institutions. High intersubject variations mean that a direct measure of oxygen consumption is necessary, if that variable must be controlled.


Descriptors :   *UNDERWATER , *EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY) , *OXYGEN CONSUMPTION , UNDERWATER CLOTHING , ERGOMETERS , WORKLOAD , WORK , POWER


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE