Accession Number : ADA539603


Title :   Crisis in Mexico: Assessing the Merida Initiative and its Impact on Us-Mexican Security


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL


Personal Author(s) : Turner, Todd


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a539603.pdf


Report Date : Apr 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 58


Abstract : President George W. Bush signed the Merida Initiative, referred to as Plan Mexico by critics, into law on June 30, 2008. The plan contains approximately $1.5 billion in aid to Mexico, Central America, and Caribbean countries to improve regional security by reducing organized crime, drug smuggling, and illegal arms trafficking while strengthening domestic institutions. Critics argue that the plan does not adequately address the demand side of the drug model, will add to the militarization of Mexico, empower corrupt institutions, and reduce the rule of law while failing to address the violence of organized crime. The researcher has identified organized crime, socio-economic disparity, and institutional corruption as the main factors that led Mexican President Calderon to ask for assistance from the United States. Although the Merida Initiative is a comprehensive plan that attempts to solve a number of complex transnational issues that affect both the United States and Mexico, its performance to date, indicates that it is not meeting its objectives. Using problem-solution methodology, the researcher identified additional measures, such as demand-side drug reduction programs, US gun control enforcement, immigration reform, and economic reforms that would improve the chances of achieving long-term stability and security in the region. The success of the Merida Initiative will require a holistic and synergistic approach between a joint, interagency, and coalition team.


Descriptors :   *BORDER SECURITY , *DRUG SMUGGLING , *MEXICO , TEAMS(PERSONNEL) , JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES , SYNERGISM , CENTRAL AMERICA , MODELS , UNITED STATES , STABILITY , DRUGS


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE