Accession Number : ADA536684


Title :   Understanding the Influence of the Pakistani Government in South Asia


Descriptive Note : Monograph rept. Jan-Nov 2010


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES


Personal Author(s) : Chesher, William D


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a536684.pdf


Report Date : Nov 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 61


Abstract : This monograph will explore the origins of the Islamic fundamentalist movement in South Asia that can be traced back to the Islamization program during the Zia ul Haq regime in Pakistan. Since 1947, Pakistan's early political administrations were characterized by a failure of governance, resulting in five failed regimes in twenty years. The political turmoil from Iskander Mirza's presidency in 1957 through the Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto regime ending in 1977 prompted the military to assume the role of the guardian of the Muslim State. Equally as important to understanding Pakistan's political and military relationship is that each of these regimes changed the Constitution of Pakistan, ensuring that political power was placed under the presidency, and by doing so, limited the authority of the provincial leadership. From these formative years, the Pakistani people experienced a series of failed regimes that ended in coups and created the perception that Pakistan's government needed a military leader with complete control. The Zia ul Haq regime lasted from 1977 to 1988, and through its Islamization program, changed the human landscape in Pakistan. Under his rule, Zia's Islamization program focused on bringing Islam into every aspect of Pakistani life. Through the implementation of the zagat (alms), and usher (taxes), Zia began to fund the madrassas throughout Pakistan. During the Soviet-Afghan War, Pakistan began to assist the Afghan Resistance Movement by supporting the mujahedeen. With funding from the United States and Saudi Arabia, Pakistan--through the Inter-Services Intelligence Agency (ISI)--supported the mujahedeen from the tribal areas along the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan.


Descriptors :   *PAKISTAN , *ISLAM , *SOUTH ASIA , POLITICAL SCIENCE , POWER , POLITICAL REVOLUTION , SAUDI ARABIA , AFGHANISTAN , UNITED STATES , WARFARE , USSR , LEADERSHIP


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE