Accession Number : ADA536125


Title :   Oil Politics and National Security in Nigeria


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Inuwa, Muhammad N


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a536125.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 131


Abstract : In the last two decades, the federal government of Nigeria has employed several strategies in an effort to resolve the ongoing crisis in its Niger Delta Region. Two main approaches were adopted concurrently by both military and civilian regimes within the period of study, diplomatic and non-diplomatic. Unfortunately, both strategies failed to resolve the crisis. This thesis explains why the strategies failed, arguing that combination of an overly high military with low civil counterinsurgency strategies during the military regimes of 1990-1999 allowed an excessively repressive approach that did not only fail to end the crisis but eventually fuelled it to transform agitation into insurgency. In addition, the civilian regimes of 1999-2009, which engaged low military and relatively high civil counterinsurgency strategies, have also not been able to resolve the crisis. The study hence suggests a moderate approach comprising of both strategies; a professional military approach with moderate civil counterinsurgency strategies, and adopting measures that would assist the government to isolate its counterinsurgency strategies from political groups' interference, and resist responding to all pressures and complaints likely to sabotage its strategies.


Descriptors :   *OILS , *NIGERIA , NATIONAL SECURITY , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , INSURGENCY , COUNTERINSURGENCY , POLITICAL SCIENCE , MILITARY STRATEGY , THESES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE