Accession Number : ADA535015


Title :   Sound Propagation around Underwater Seamounts


Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis


Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE


Personal Author(s) : Sikora, III, Joseph J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a535015.pdf


Report Date : Feb 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 191


Abstract : In the ocean, low frequency acoustic waves propagate with low attenuation and cylindrical spreading loss over long-ranges, making them an effective tool for underwater source localization, tomography, and communications. Underwater mountains, or seamounts, are ubiquitous throughout the world's oceans and can absorb and scatter acoustic energy, offering many interesting acoustic modeling challenges. The goal of the research performed in support of this thesis is to measure the acoustic scattered field of a large, conical seamount at long-range, and reconcile observations with 2-D range-dependent acoustic models, for the purpose of understanding the effects of highly range-dependent bathymetry. The Basin Acoustic Seamount Scattering Experiment (BASSEX) was conducted to measure the scattered fields of the two seamounts which form the Kermit-Roosevelt Seamount Complex in the Northeast Pacific Ocean during September and October of 2004. The experiment used fixed and ship-deployed acoustic sources transmitting m-sequence signals at 68.2 and 250 Hz carrier frequencies, with 35 and 83 Hz bandwidth, respectively. The receiver was a towed hydrophone array with 3 m sensor spacing, cut for 250 Hz. BASSEX is the first experiment to measure acoustic arrival patterns in the scattered field of a seamount at many locations at sound path ranges of order 500 km, utilizing a rich bathymetry and sound velocity database. Convergence zones in the forward-scattered field of seamounts at long-range are observed created by higher order mode coupling and blockage. Acoustic ray arrival angles travel times, and amplitudes show good agreement with parabolic equation (PE) acoustic modeling results inside the forward-scattered fields; in particular, simulated results are fairly accurate for weak surface-reflected-bottom-reflected acoustic rays. The width of the forward-scattered field is sh


Descriptors :   *SEAMOUNTS , *ACOUSTIC FIELDS , *SCATTERING , SOURCES , MEASUREMENT , GLOBAL , MODELS , TOWED ARRAYS , ACOUSTIC WAVES , THESES , BATHYMETRY , MOUNTAINS , ACOUSTIC ARRAYS , SOUND TRANSMISSION , PARABOLAS , ATTENUATION , ACOUSTICS , TOMOGRAPHY , HYDROPHONES , OCEANS , EQUATIONS , ACOUSTIC VELOCITY , CONICAL BODIES , NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN , UNDERWATER , SIMULATION , CONVERGENCE ZONES , DATA BASES , COUPLING(INTERACTION)


Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
      Acoustics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE