Accession Number : ADA534892


Title :   Heat Engine With Finite Thermal Reservoirs and Nonideal Efficiency


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NAVAL ACADEMY ANNAPOLIS MD DEPT OF PHYSICS


Personal Author(s) : Mungan, Carl E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a534892.pdf


Report Date : May 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 5


Abstract : The performance of an irreversible heat engine operating between two thermal reservoirs with finite, temperature-independent heat capacity is analyzed. For this purpose, a dynamic second-law efficiency is introduced and assumed to be constant. As the first-law efficiency increases from zero up to the Carnot limit, the common final temperature of the reservoirs interpolates between the arithmetic and geometric mean of their initial temperatures. The total output work and entropy change of the reservoirs are computed and related to the static efficiencies. The dynamic and static efficiencies are shown to be approximately equal to each other when the temperature of the cold reservoir is at least 10% of the temperature of the hot reservoir.


Descriptors :   *HEAT ENGINES , EDUCATION , DYNAMICS , HIGH TEMPERATURE , TEACHING METHODS , WORK , THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES , IRREVERSIBLE PROCESSES , ENTROPY , THERMAL PROPERTIES , EFFICIENCY


Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Numerical Mathematics
      Thermodynamics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE