Accession Number : ADA534681


Title :   Partially Fluorinated Solvent as a co-solvent for the Non-aqueous Electrolyte of Li/air Battery


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB ADELPHI MD SENSORS AND ELECTRON DEVICES DIRECTORATE


Personal Author(s) : Zhang, Sheng S ; Read, Jeffrey


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a534681.pdf


Report Date : 11 Nov 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 6


Abstract : In this work, we study methyl nonafluorobutyl ether (MFE) and tris(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl) phosphite (TTFP), respectively, as a co-solvent for the non-aqueous electrolyte of Li/air battery. Results show that in certain solvent ratios, both solvents are able to increase the specific capacity of carbon in Li/O2 and Li/air cells. More interestingly, the improvement in discharge performance of the Li/air cells increases with discharge current density. These results cannot be explained by the ionic conductivity and viscosity data of the electrolytes since the participation of fluorinated co-solvents hardly changes viscosity of the solvent blends while reversely reduces ionic conductivity of the electrolyte. In particular, we find that a 30 wt.% (vs. solvent) addition of TTFP into a 0.2m (molality) LiSO3CF3 PC electrolyte can significantly improve the discharge performance of Li/air cells, and that the resultant electrolyte is able to support long-term operation of Li/air cells in dry ambient environments due to its low volatility. We believe that the observed performance improvement is associated with the increased dissolution kinetics and solubility of oxygen in fluorinated solvent containing electrolyte.


Descriptors :   *NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTES , LITHIUM BATTERIES , OXIDATION REDUCTION REACTIONS , IONIC CURRENT , REPRINTS , VISCOSITY


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Electrochemical Energy Storage


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE