Accession Number : ADA534160


Title :   Deradicalizing Islamist Extremists


Corporate Author : RAND CORP ARLINGTON VA NATIONAL SECURITY RESEARCH DIV


Personal Author(s) : Rabasa, Angel ; Pettyjohn, Stacie L ; Ghez, Jeremy J ; Boucek, Christopher


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a534160.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 245


Abstract : There is an emergent consensus among counterterrorism analysts and practitioners that to defeat the threat posed by Islamist extremism and terrorism, there is a need to go beyond security and intelligence measures, taking proactive measures to prevent vulnerable individuals from radicalizing and rehabilitating those who have already embraced extremism. This broader conception of counterterrorism is manifested in the counter- and deradicalization programs of a number of Middle Eastern, Southeast Asian, and European countries. A key question is whether the objective of these programs should be disengagement or deradicalization of militants. Disengagement entails a change in behavior (i.e., refraining from violence and withdrawing from a radical organization) but not necessarily a change in beliefs. A person could exit a radical organization and refrain from violence but nevertheless retain a radical worldview. Deradicalization is the process of changing an individual's belief system, rejecting the extremist ideology, and embracing mainstream values.


Descriptors :   *COUNTERTERRORISM , ORGANIZATIONS , ANALYSTS , RELIGION , INTELLIGENCE


Subject Categories : Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE