Accession Number : ADA531644


Title :   The Institutionalization of Drug Trafficking Organizations: Comparing Colombia and Brazil


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Dominguez, Manuel J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a531644.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 101


Abstract : Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs) have emerged as important informal institutions in Latin America. This thesis looks at: 1) the emergence of DTOs within Colombia and Brazil, 2) how DTOs meet the criteria for being informal institutions, and 3) what sustains DTOs. In both cases, drug trafficking was shaped by expansions and shifts of drug production within the Andean region from the 1960s onward. DTOs in Colombia emerged in the mid-1960s and 1970s while DTOs in Brazil took root with the introduciton of the drug trade in the region in the late 1970s to early 1980s. DTOs in Colombia and Brazil qualify as informal institutions based on structural composition, stability, behavioral control, and social cohesion. Sustainability in the Colombian case study is attributed to the DTOs' capacity to learn and adapt to U.S. and Colombian efforts while capitalizing on policy failures. Sustainability in the Brazilian case study is attributed to the DTOs' capacity to become entrenched in favela (poor urban) zones. Analysis of the case studies reveals divergent paths and characteristics of DTOs. In particular, internal warfare coupled with an emphasis on illicit drug production in Colombia has led DTOs to focus on the control of rural land. In Brazil, meanwhile, the absence of internal conflict an the emphasis on illicit distribution (retail) in Brazil has resulted in the DTOs focusing on controlling points of sale and internal, informal governance within the favela zones.


Descriptors :   *DRUG SMUGGLING , *COLOMBIA , *BRAZIL , *LATIN AMERICA , STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES , THESES , CASE STUDIES , CONFLICT , BEHAVIOR , DRUGS , LAW ENFORCEMENT , RURAL AREAS , ORGANIZATIONS , COMMERCE , POLICIES , CONTROL , WARFARE


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE