Accession Number : ADA531395

Title :   The Genesis of an Impulsive Coronal Mass Ejection Observed at Ultra-High Cadence by AIA on SDO

Descriptive Note : Electronic preprint


Personal Author(s) : Patsourakos, S ; Vourlidas, A ; Stenborg, G

Full Text :

Report Date : Apr 2010

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : The study of fast, eruptive events in the low solar corona is one of the science objectives of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) imagers on the recently launched Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), which take full disk images in ten wavelengths with arcsecond resolution and 12 sec cadence. We study with AIA the formation of an impulsive coronal mass ejection (CME) which occurred on June 13, 2010 and was associated with an M1.0 class flare. Specifically, we analyze the formation of the CME EUV bubble and its initial dynamics and thermal evolution in the low corona using AIA images in three wavelengths (171 angstrom, 193 angstrom, and 211 angstrom). We derive the first ultrahigh cadence measurements of the temporal evolution of the CME bubble aspect ratio (=bubble-height/bubble-radius). Our main result is that the CME formation undergoes three phases: it starts with a slow self-similar expansion followed by a fast but short-lived ( 70 sec) period of strong lateral over-expansion which essentially creates the CME. Then the CME undergoes another phase of self-similar expansion until it exits the AIA field of view. During the studied interval, the CME height-time profile shows a strong, short-lived, acceleration followed by deceleration. The lateral overexpansion phase coincides with the deceleration phase. The impulsive flare heating and CME acceleration are closely coupled. However, the lateral overexpansion of the CME occurs during the declining phase and is therefore not linked to flare reconnection. In addition, the multi-thermal analysis of the bubble does not show significant evidence of temperature change.


Subject Categories : Astrophysics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE