Accession Number : ADA530237


Title :   Independent Evaluators of Federal Programs: Approaches, Devices, and Examples


Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.


Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE


Personal Author(s) : Kaiser, Frederick M ; Brass, Clinton T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a530237.pdf


Report Date : 16 Aug 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 39


Abstract : Congress and the executive, as well as outside organizations, have long been attentive to the evaluation of federal programs, with frequent interest paid to the independent status of the evaluator. This interest continues into the current era, with numerous illustrations of the multifaceted approaches adopted and proposed. An evaluation may provide information at any stage of the policy process about how a federal government policy, program, activity, or agency is working. Congress has required evaluations through legislation (or requested these via its committee and Member offices); and the executive branch has pursued evaluations through presidential or agency directives. Part of choosing how to carry out an evaluation involves deciding if some kind of independence would be a desirable attribute. Observers often see independence as a means of avoiding or deterring bias and ensuring an objective, impartial assessment. In the context of evaluation, independence may apply to an evaluation or to an evaluator. On one hand, for example, the term may relate to independence of an evaluation from the policy preferences of an individual or group (independent evaluation), perhaps by prohibiting political appointees from revising or evaluating a program. Independence may refer to an entity that conducts evaluations that also is located outside the immediate organization responsible for policy implementation (independent evaluator).


Descriptors :   *GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT , *FEDERAL LAW , *UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , *CONGRESS , LEGISLATION , PRESIDENT(UNITED STATES) , POLICIES , GRAPHICS , TEST AND EVALUATION


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE