Accession Number : ADA529394


Title :   The Art and Science of Defense Logistics


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA


Personal Author(s) : Schuler, S I


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a529394.pdf


Report Date : Apr 1995


Pagination or Media Count : 72


Abstract : This objectives of this paper are as follows: (1) demonstrate that DoD's 1994 Logistics Strategic Plan (STRATPLAN) is a bridge between the sciences of military and business logistics; (2) demonstrate that the military services can execute the tangible requirements of the STRATPLAN; and (3) assert that military logistics must be viewed as an art, rather than a science, due to its reliance on such intangibles as intuition, morale, and innovation. When DoD published the STRATPLAN in 1994, it brought together the two diverse worlds of military and business logistics. The former has a long and well-documented history. Though first portrayed as an art, it is now acknowledged as a science due to the nature of its processes and execution. Business logistics, however, has always been considered a science due to its relatively recent conception and reliance on analysis and data. The STRATPLAN completes the evolution of military logistics to scientific status through advocacy of the smart business practices of corporate logistics. The paper consists of five topic areas: (1) a historical overview of military logistics, (2) a synopsis of the STRATPLAN, (3) a discussion of selected smart business methods advocated by the STRATPLAN, (4) Services' implementation of the STRATPLAN, and (5) STRATPLAN inadequacies based on the failure to acknowledge the intangibles that make military logistics an art, rather than a science. The paper's conclusions are as follow: (1) the STRATPLAN is a potentially dangerous document if it is considered definitive logistics theory or strategy; (2) military and business logistics are not the same despite sharing many common processes and systems; (3) military logisticians must acknowledge their role in meeting intangible requirements in their management of risk; and (4) business logistics might be a science due to its methods for managing risk, but military logistics must remain within the realm of art to minimize risk.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , *LOGISTICS SUPPORT , *CORPORATIONS , *LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT , COMMERCE , RISK MANAGEMENT , HISTORY , COMPARISON , THEORY , DEFICIENCIES , MILITARY REQUIREMENTS , DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE