Accession Number : ADA529367


Title :   PERCHLORATE: Occurrence is Widespread but at Varying Levels; Federal Agencies Have Taken Some Actions to Respond to and Lessen Releases


Corporate Author : GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Stephenson, John B ; Secrist, Stephen ; Beardsley, Elizabeth ; Braza, Mark ; Gibson, N'Kenge ; Karpman, Mitchell ; Malone, Susan ; Panwar, Madhav ; Sebest, Jeremy ; Shouse, Ben ; Tabbert, Matthew


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a529367.pdf


Report Date : Aug 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 64


Abstract : Perchlorate is both a man-made and naturally occurring chemical. It is used in rocket fuel, explosives, fireworks, and other products. Naturally occurring perchlorate is produced through atmospheric processes and then settles on surface water or land. Perchlorate can disrupt the uptake of iodide in the thyroid, potentially interfering with thyroid function and negatively affecting fetal and infant brain development and growth. As of June 2010, there is no federal regulatory standard for perchlorate in drinking water, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which has the authority to regulate contaminants in public drinking water systems, had not determined whether to establish one. The Department of Defense (DOD), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Department of Energy (DOE) are the primary federal users of perchlorate.


Descriptors :   *PERCHLORATES , *CHEMICALS , *PUBLIC HEALTH , IODIDES , ROCKET FUELS , EXPLOSIVES , THYROID GLAND , ENVIRONMENTS , DRINKING WATER


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Inorganic Chemistry


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE